Use This 401k Withdrawal Calculator To Estimate Your Income (2023) (2023)

Are you getting ready to retire? If so, you’ll need to start planning your retirement income. One important factor to consider is how much money you can withdraw from your 401k without running into tax problems. That’s where our 401k withdrawal calculator comes in handy! With our calculator, you can estimate how much money you’ll be able to withdraw each year without triggering penalties from the IRS. So don’t wait – use our calculator today to better understand your retirement!

Table Of Contents

  1. Taxes On 401k Withdrawal Calculator
  2. 401K To Annuity Calculator
  3. How Much Will My 401K Pay Me Per Month?
  4. 401k Withdrawal Rules
  5. 401k Early Withdrawal Exceptions
  6. Do I Pay Taxes On 401(k) Withdrawals?
  7. 401(k) Distributions
  8. Next Steps
  9. Frequently Asked Questions
  10. Request A Quote

Taxes On 401k Withdrawal Calculator

Withdrawing funds from a 401(k) account can be accompanied by costly taxes and penalties. If you are younger than 59 1/2, you may face an additional 10% fee from the IRS due to the early withdrawal. Utilize this calculator to gain insight into your overall net withdrawal after tax deductions and any potential charges applied when you cash out the account.

401K To Annuity Calculator

Annuities are the only retirement plan that guarantees an income for the rest of your life, even after the account has been spent down to zero. A 401k to annuity calculator helps people estimate how much money they can get from their 401k savings once they retire. It considers elements such as the current age of the individual, the amount of money in their 401k account, and their projected retirement age. The calculator then uses several factors to determine how much money the individual will get from their 401k savings each month once they retire.

How Much Will My 401K Pay Me Per Month?

The table below compares how much in withdrawals you could receive from 401(k) accounts (and other savings accounts) by withdrawing income yourself, using a financial advisor, or using an annuity to automate the withdrawal process.

FeaturesAnnuity401(k)IRARoth IRA
Withdrawal Percentage5.20% – 6.55%4%4%4%
Can Income Increase?YesYesYesYes
Can Income Decrease?NoYesYesYes
How Long Will Money Last?Lifetime30 Years+30 Years+30 Years+
Annual Fees0 – 1.50%1% – 4%1% – 4%1% – 4%
Required Minimum DistributionsYes/NoYesYesNo
Death BenefitAccount BalanceAccount BalanceAccount BalanceAccount Balance

Example: A 60-year-old retiree starts withdrawingimmediatelyfrom their $1 million portfolio, they would receive:

  • Annuity:Between $52,000 and $61,000
  • 401(k):$40,000
  • IRA:$40,000
  • Roth IRA:$40,000

401k Withdrawal Rules

The IRS allows penalty-free withdrawals from retirement accounts after age 59 ½. However, withdrawals before age 59 ½ will be subject to an additional 10% tax (early withdrawal penalty).

If no withdrawals are taken, the IRS requires withdrawals after age 73. (These are called required minimum distributions, or RMDs.)

401k Early Withdrawal Exceptions

401k hardship withdrawals

If you’re experiencing financial hardship, you may be able to take money out of your 401k plan. This is called a hardship withdrawal. In some cases, education expenses can qualify as a hardship. However, this will depend on the regulations set forth by your 401k plan administrator. Knowing what is and isn’t allowed under your specific plan is essential. Some providers do not allow for any form of hardship withdrawals whatsoever.

Hardship withdrawals take money out of your 401k before you turn 59 ½. Usually, if you do this, you will have to pay the penalty. There are a few exceptions, but education expenses usually aren’t one of them.

Medical expenses or insurance

Similarly, a 401k withdrawal penalty is likely waived if unreimbursable medical expenses exceed 7.5% of your adjusted gross income for the year.

Family circumstances

If a court requires that you provide money to someone after a divorce, such as children or dependents, the 10% penalty can be avoided.

Series of substantially equal payments

If you have to pay the penalty for withdrawing money from your 401k, you can avoid the penalty if you take a 72t early distribution. This means that you can take out money from your retirement account in annual payments based on your current age and the size of your retirement account.

The periodic payments must continue for five years or until age 59 ½, whichever occurs last. After that, your distribution will be calculated and exact, even if you don’t need the money.


Some distributions are exempt from the early withdrawal penalty if you’re a qualified military reservist who’s been called to active duty.

Separation of Service

Another way to avoid the 401(k) penalty is if you leave your government job during or after the year. In addition, you can leave without being penalized if you are 55 or older.


If the 401(k) owner becomes totally and permanently disabled, the 10% additional tax will be waived.

Do I Pay Taxes On 401(k) Withdrawals?

401(k) plans offer several tax benefits that can help you to save for retirement. One of the primary tax benefits is that your 401(k) balance can grow on a tax-deferred basis. This special tax treatment means you won’t pay taxes on your account balance until you withdraw income from the plan, which applies to employee and employer contributions. However, you can not withdraw from the account until 59 1/2 without paying an early withdrawal penalty. The tax benefits of 401(k) plans can help you to save more money for retirement.

401(k) Distributions

What happens when you’re ready to start taking distributions from your 401(k)? Anyone older than 59 ½ can begin receiving distributions from their 401(k)s, but they can also choose to defer receiving distributions to allow more earnings to accumulate. Distributions can be deferred, at the latest, until the age of 73 (Required Minimum Distributions). Between the ages of 59 ½ and 72, participants have several options:they can take regular distributions,set up a systematic withdrawal plan, orleave their account untouched. Of course, each option has its pros and cons, so it’s essential to understand your choices before making a decision.

Regular Distributions

When it comes to distributions from a 401(k) plan, there are two main choices: alump sumorinstallments.

  • With a lump-sum distribution, the entire amount is paid out at once. While this may be appealing for its simplicity, it has some downsides.
    • For example, the money is no longer invested and thus is not subject to tax-deferred compounding.
    • In addition, the distribution is taxed as income in the year it is withdrawn, which can be a significant amount.
  • The installment option allows periodic payments from the 401(k) plan. This type of distribution can be less appealing because it requires more planning and forethought. However, there are some advantages to consider as well.
    • For example, with an installment plan, the money continues to be invested and subject to tax-deferred compounding.
    • In addition, the payments can be spread out over time, which can help to minimize the impact of taxes.
    • One of the most complex decisions when choosing an installment plan is how much to withdraw each month or year. Many elements come into play when considering retirement, such as life expectancy and investment performance. Others include how much money you will need to live comfortably and Social Security payments.

Roll It Over To An IRA

Roll over a 401k to an individual retirement account (IRA) or another employer’s plan. No taxes will be imposed on rollovers (non-Roth). Both Roth and traditional IRAs generally offer more investment options. Moving after-tax money into aRoth IRAcan help diversify retirement portfolios. Keep in mind that traditional IRAs also require minimum distributions at age 73.

Use An Annuity For Systematic Withdrawals For The Rest Of Your Life

One option is to roll over to anIRA annuity. An IRA annuity is an insurance product offered through private insurance companies. No taxes will be imposed on conversions.

  • The annuity will pay a guaranteed monthly benefit for the owner’s projected life expectancy.
  • Joint-and-survivor annuities offer several benefits for retirees looking for income stability. First, this option significantly reduces the risk of financial instability in retirement by providing consistent monthly payments for the rest of the account owner and beneficiary’s expected lifetimes.

This option can provide a degree of financial security in retirement, as it can provide a steady stream of income that can last for many years with significantly lower risk.

Leave It Alone

Many people are unaware that they can postpone the distribution of their retirement funds until they reach the age of 72. By doing so, they can take advantage of the benefits of tax-deferred compounding for additional years. This can be a significant advantage, as it allows the funds to grow for longer. Furthermore, it can benefit those still working who want to delay taking distributions from their retirement accounts.

However, it is important to note that the government will require mandatory annual distributions starting at 73 (unless you are still employed). This applies to traditional, SIMPLE, and SEP IRAs.

Next Steps

As you can see, there are a lot of factors to consider when it comes to 401k withdrawals in retirement. Our handy 401k withdrawal calculator takes the guesswork out of estimating how much money you can take out each year without running into tax problems. And rolling over your 401(k) into an annuity could guarantee lifelong income payments that increase with inflation. If you have more questions about how to make the most of your retirement income, contact us for a quote today. We’ll be happy to help you plan for a bright financial future!

Use This 401k Withdrawal Calculator To Estimate Your Income (2023) (1)

Request A Quote

Get help from a licensed financial professional. This service is free of charge.

Frequently Asked Questions

How much will I get from my 401k if I cash it out?

If you are under 59 and a half and withdraw money from your 401(k), you may be subject to a 10% penalty in addition to regular income taxes. However, exceptions may apply if you face financial hardship due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Is it smart to cash out 401k?

While cashing out your 401k could be an option in some cases, it’s generally not recommended as it could lead to significant penalties and lost retirement savings. In most cases, leaving the savings invested or rolling the funds over into another retirement account is better.

How much do I need in 401k to get $2,000 a month?

To get approximately $2,000 per month from your 401k when you retire, you’ll need to have saved around $800,000. To reach this goal, you need to start saving as early as possible, contribute as much as possible to your 401k each year, and consistently invest in a diversified portfolio of stocks and bonds.

How much do I need in my 401k to retire at 60?

You should strive to have a 401k balance of at least 15 times your annual salary saved by retirement. This means that if you make an average annual salary of $50,000, you should have a 401k balance of at least $750,000 by the time you retire at age 60. However, it’s important to note that this is just a general guideline, and you may need more or less depending on your individual financial goals and situation.

What is the formula for 401k withdrawal?

The formula for 401k withdrawal is the total withdrawal amount divided by the total account value. This calculation gives you the withdrawal percentage and can be used to determine how much you can withdraw from your 401k.

Does my employer have to approve my 401k withdrawal?

Yes, your employer must approve your 401k withdrawal if you are still working for the employer. Generally, you must complete a withdrawal form signed by your employer before receiving the funds.

Can I close my 401k and take the money?

Yes. You can close your 401k and take the money. If you decide to close your 401k and take the money, you will be subject to a 10% early withdrawal penalty if you are younger than 59½. You may also be facing taxes on the amount you withdraw.

Can you make monthly withdrawals from 401k?

Yes, you can make monthly withdrawals from your 401k. However, you will be subject to taxation and potential early-withdrawal penalties.

How do I avoid paying taxes on my 401k withdrawals?

One way to avoid paying taxes on your 401k withdrawals is to roll the money over into another retirement account, such as an IRA or a Roth IRA. These accounts have different tax advantages and can help you save on taxes when you withdraw the money. You can also withdraw the money as a lump sum and then spread it over multiple years, reducing the taxes you have to pay in a single year.

How much tax do I pay on a lump sum 401k withdrawal?

If you are younger than 59 1/2, you will typically owe a 10% early withdrawal penalty on any withdrawals from a 401(k) in addition to the applicable federal income tax. The penalty is calculated based on the amount of the withdrawal. For example, if you withdraw $20,000, the penalty would be $2,000.

How do I avoid 20% tax on my 401k withdrawal?

To avoid paying 20% tax on your 401k withdrawal, you will need to wait until you reach the age of 59½. You can also take advantage of the IRS 72(t) rule, which allows you to withdraw from your 401(k) without paying the 20% tax penalty. However, you will need to make regular withdrawals over at least five years or until you reach 59½, whichever is longer. Additionally, a fixed indexed annuity offering a 20% premium bonus would help offset the 20% tax.

Do you always have to pay taxes on a 401k withdrawal?

Yes, if you withdraw money from a 401(k) before you reach the age of 59 and a half, you will be subject to taxes on the withdrawal. Depending on your tax bracket, you may also be subject to an additional 10% early withdrawal penalty.

Does 401k withdrawal put you in a higher tax bracket?

Yes, withdrawing from a 401k can put you in a higher tax bracket. When you withdraw from a 401k, your withdrawals will be taxed as ordinary income. This could push you into a higher tax bracket as your taxable income increases. Additionally, you may be subject to an early withdrawal penalty if you are under the age of 59 and a half.

What is the tax rate for withdrawing from a 401k after 65?

Any withdrawals after 65 will be taxed at your current income tax rate.

Can I withdraw my 401k in one lump sum?

Yes, it is possible to withdraw your 401k in one lump sum. However, it is usually not recommended. Doing so could result in steep taxes and/or penalties. Additionally, you will lose out on any potential growth for the account. Creating a plan to withdraw funds over time is better to maximize your savings and minimize the tax burden.

What is the tax rate on 401k withdrawals after 60?

If you are 60 or older, 401k withdrawals are considered ordinary income and will be taxed according to your current marginal tax rate. No 10% early withdrawal penalty is associated with taking a 401(K) distribution at this age. Still, it is essential to consider the impact of taxes on these distributions before cashing out.

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